April 26

Second Term Topic Goals

This term our topic is Science and we are going to be focusing on changing matter an area in chemistry. We have a variety of goals that we could choose to hopefully achieve at the end of the term; these are the goals that I have chosen.

I understand:

Yr 6:

  • Changes to materials can be reversible, such as melting, freezing, evaporating; or irreversible, such as burning and rusting.
  • Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena.

Yr 5 & 6:

I can:

  • With guidance, plan appropriate investigation methods to answer questions or solve problems.
  • Decide which variable should be changed and measured in fair tests and accurately observe, measure and record data, using digital technologies as appropriate.

 

Maths goals:

  • Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriate.
  • Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations.

 

Literacy goals:

  • Take notes on my reading that will help me create a reflection or summary and when I am creating explanations for observations in experiments.
  • Create scientific explanations and lab reports that follow a conventional outline and that clearly communicate my understanding.
April 26

First Term Topic Reflection

Throughout this term I have learnt many things about the government and also I have done a lot of revision. When I made my goals at the start of the term I had a lot I needed to know and I am fairly certain that I have achieved every last one of my goals. I have learnt that Australia’s nature of democracy affected how Australia developed as a federation and how Australia’s democratic system led to them ending up being a federation. I have learnt that Australia has 3 levels of government; the federal, the state and the local, each of these levels of government do their own thing such as; federal takes care of things like tax, immigration, war, etc. The state government takes care of things like schools, hospitals, police, roads, etc. while the local government handles things like sports grounds, dog control, signs, waste disposal, etc. I have learnt about Australia’s federal parliamentary system and key democratic principles and values, Australia’s parliamentary system works under 2 or 3 things; The House Of Representatives, The Senate (and possibly the queen because you may group the queen and senate together). Parliament is where laws are made using a representative democracy for the Senate and a democracy for the House of Representatives. In the House of Representatives there is the Government, the Opposition, the Greens and independents. The government is the party with the majority of seats due to election and the opposition is the rivalling party that had lost the election. The greens are a minor party normally choose a side they want to go on but they don’t always have to agree with their decisions but normally do, and the independents can vote for whatever they want. The government at the moment is Liberal and Labour is the opposition, Liberal running under a coalition and Labour a minority. In the House of Representatives                               the laws are first thought of by the cabinet made up of the prime minister and a few other important ministers, these are called bills. This bill goes to the H.O.R and the clerk reads it a first time this is a 1st reading. Later the minister that had come up with the bill states his reasoning for the bill, therefore this is the Ministers Speech. Then and adjournment happens when the parties get time to think about if they are going to vote for or against the bill. Then a committee of experts from the public gather info on the bill this is obviously called a committee. Then a 2nd Reading debate happens on the bill, the Government, the opposition and the minor parties states their opinions and arguments on the bill and it is voted on, this decides if a 2nd reading should happen or not. If it passes then the clerk does a 2nd reading. The members of parliament discuss the main idea of the bill and they improve the bill and any amendments, this is the consideration in detail. The clerk does a 3rd reading on the improved bill and it is transferred to the senate. The senate is more of a double-checker on the bill. In the senate a 1st reading is read by the clerk and another committee happens, same as in the House of Representatives. Then again a 2nd reading debate is announced and they argue and vote on the bill. If passed a 2nd reading is read by the clerk and a community of whole happens when the House of Representatives and the Senate gather evidence and check if the bill is in a good state for the Governor-General. Finally the clerk does a 3rd reading. It is given to the Governor-General and he chooses to give it a Royal Assent which he/she normally does and this is now called an act of parliament to later become a law. At school we rein acted most of the process of the House of Representatives. Although in our role-play it was very calm but in the actual parliament I know that it is very hectic. The upmost leaders were the government but the most important was the independent. With the role-play what the government voted for, won the vote. We also learnt that the clerk does nothing but read the bill and the speaker runs the debate, calling upon people at the correct time. Also that if you were elected for government if the greens and/or the independents are in the government side then they can easily manipulate you to be in cabinet, so in my opinion the independents and minor parties are the most powerful. We also learnt how democracy was implemented into parliament by voting and what system/democratic process they use. The actions that individuals and governments take to resolve the issue really depends on the severity of the issue. If it’s more of a smaller issues maybe individuals take care of that but not all individuals take care of small issues some individuals take care of giant issues but once resolved once normally it just happens again. More or less the same with the government they can solve problems and make them stick but not all problems. As such governments can make wars or defend a war but you/the government can’t just stop a war immediately nor can you/the government stop wars happening, which leads the government to sometimes stop wars by fighting back. But once again the governments can take care of problems like immigration defence, foreign affairs, justice & customs, trade, taxation, communications, agriculture, fisheries & forestry, industry, tourism & resources, etc. while individuals take care of local or state problems like health & hospitals, schools & education, employment & training, transport & roads, police & justice, emergency services. But the Government can force it but individuals can ask for it/argue for it. Over the past term I have learnt this information and much more through lessons, apps, excursions, websites, Prior knowledge, other people and most of all, hard work. Throughout this term I think that I had been very successful with my knowledge yet even though 1000 words from this point I haven’t yet told you all that I had learnt this term. I think that all of the goals that I have chosen were good goals to get me to the point of knowledge that I am at now. Throughout this term I have worked hard and I was determined, I wanted to get the job done but without forgetting all the knowledge. I think that I have taken a lot of notes for me to remember my learning and all my goals helped me get to the point I am now, in my knowledge, of the government.

April 23

BTN Nuclear Power

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4178056.htm

South Australia is looking in to using nuclear power as a source of energy.

From the 1930’s to the 1940’s people were on the hunt for power until a few scientists found out about how atoms can be used for power, they found out that if they fire a neutron into a radioactive material like uranium the molecule made up of the atoms split in 2 generating heat which releases steam that spins turbines and makes electricity or nuclear power, from this I can take that we are using nuclear power very similarly to power In the old days, say for, There is a water wheel it generates power by spinning because of water that generates power with what I believe is magnets, this is exactly the same with nuclear power except with steam. Australia is the only g-20 nation that has not been using nuclear energy yet even though they have 1/3 of the world uranium probably because they have been holding onto it but there are reasons we are hesitant of trying this. Because it’s very dangerous because it’s harnessing radiation, something that kill over time and lingers over time in places making them inhabitable, and that there is a waste leftover that also emits radiation. And these power stations have blown up or malfunctioned and killed many people. And the damage the atoms splitting can also make nuclear bombs and nuclear weapons. But this can be a very good future project since uranium atoms harness a lot of potential for power. I have watched a video on this about how S.A is now starting discuss storing nuclear waste and I want to know why it took that long? If a nuclear power plant were to be established were would it most likely be?

April 22

100 Word Challenge Week #14

https://100wc.net/

I was at school with my friends at lunch time and one of them had a box. I supposed it was from the homework on a diorama that we were given to complete this week, the homework that I had not completed yet. He had put it on top of his locker and I saw that it was completely enclosed apart from a little hole at the top. He started showing it to my classmates and they put their hand in it, they had a confused face, he asked me to put my hand in it to guess what it was, I put my hand in the box and felt…

April 17

BTN Gravitational Waves

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4409217.htm

This article was about how scientists had figured out about gravitational waves in space, which is a huge step in our progression to unfold the mysteries of the universe.

Just now, scientists have proven that there are gravitational waves in space, a theory first mad by Albert Einstein a hundred years ago. His theory was that if a big event happened in space like a star exploding, it would send a ripple of gravity throughout space, like a pebble falling into water except much, much bigger. The reason it was so hard to detect these waves is that that they were too weak to feel or see. Although a team of 1,000 scientists made 2 giant detectors in the US which had cost them hundreds of millions of dollars. Rainer Whice had suggested this idea in 1972 and it has taken them since then to complete the project. Finally right now all that work gave them a tiny bleep confirming that gravitational waves exist, this gravitational wave was made by 2 black holes colliding more than 1 billion light years away. We at the moment use stuff like; light, radio waves, micro waves, x-rays and gamma rays, now that we know about gravitational waves they show a lot of promise to discover more secrets of the universe and opens up another perspective on different things this also widens our possibilities for new technology once we learn how to use gravitational waves. From this text I figured out how strong some events in space can be, I believe that 1 billion light years is very far away and 2 black holes will make a very big explosion or something but I am surprised that we heard that from a billion lights years away, and this just shows me how fast humanity is advancing if we will be able to harness the ability of using ripples of gravity in space as a power source or tool. If we can use gravitational waves to our advantage then what new technology will we be able to make with ripples of gravity in space?  And how will we be able to store it, and wouldn’t it be a very unreliable source because we will have to wait for a star to explode or something for us to be able to get actual power for it? (correct me if a big event in space is common or not)

April 13

100 Word Challenge Week #13

https://100wc.net/

One day in the yard where I was playing with my friends, I was playing soccer and being the player that I am, I was sliding and skidding everywhere. When I got up there was a sharp pain on my forearm. There was an insect digging into my skin, I quickly picked it off and flicked it away. All it did was it left a little black spot on my arm but it was nothing much. Later in class I was writing away, but I looked at my arm, the spot was bigger I tried to stop it somehow but the spot just grew and grew.